Mountain Avens (Dryas integrifolia/octopetala)
Bloom time: June – July
Leaves & Twigs: The small, leathery, evergreen leaves are wrinkled on the upper surface and hairy underneath.
Flowers & Fruits:
- White, saucer-shaped flowers are 2-3 cm wide, growing on stalks 2-15 cm tall.
- Seed plumes are twisted in tight red/gold bundles that open into fluffy round seed heads as they mature.
Habitat: These species prefer rocky barren areas, alpine meadows and ridges. Arctic mountain avens can also tolerate moist conditions, where it takes on a creeping form.
PlantWatch Pointers: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a l-metre-square section to observe.
- First bloom: when the first flowers are open in the observed plants.
- Mid bloom: when 50% of the flowers are open in the observed plants.
This species is monitored in:
- British Columbia
- Northwest Territories
This floral emblem for the Northwest Territories was important for the Inuit – the twisting of the mountain avens seed head marked the best time to move inland to hunt caribou.