Larch (Larix laricina)
Bloom time: April – May
General: Medium-sized coniferous tree; grows up to 20 m tall, with scaly bark. In autumn, the needles turn yellow and fall from the tree.
Leaves & Twigs:
Flowers & Fruits:
- Male and female cones can appear on the same branches, but observe male cones only for PlantWatch.
- Male cones: small, less noticeable mounds of yellow-brown pollen sacs that wither and fall after shedding pollen.
- Female cones: pinkish-purple mini-cones about 1 cm long.
Habitat: Grows in moist to wet areas.
PlantWatch Pointers: Tag a typical tree for observation.
- First bloom: when the first pollen is being shed by the male cones on the observed tree (3 places).
- Mid bloom: when 50% of the male cones are abundantly shedding pollen.
- Leafing: when the tufts of needles are lengthening considerably and starting to spread open at the tip (3 places).
This species is monitored in:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
Larch is the only conifer that sheds all of its needles annually.