Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
Bloom time: April – June
General: Common plant, 5-40 cm tall, introduced to Canada from Europe.
Leaves & Twigs: Deeply toothed leaves grow from the base of the plant, appearing before the flowers.
Flowers & Fruits:
Habitat: Dandelions grow almost anywhere, but are common in cultivated areas and wastelands.
PlantWatch Pointers: Make sure your patch is not mowed until your bloom observations have been made. Choose a location at least 10 m away from a building or obstacle. If these plants are very abundant, mark a patch 1 metre square.
- First bloom: when the first flowers are open in the observed plants.
- Mid bloom: when the first seed-head opens, forming a white, fluffy ball of seeds.
This species is monitored in:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
The name dandelion comes from the French, dents de lion, which means “teeth of the lion,” and refers to the jagged edges on the leaves of the dandelion plant.