Cranberry/Partridgeberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)
Bloom time: May – July
General: This species of cranberry is a low evergreen shrub that forms mats.
Leaves & Twigs:
Flowers & Fruits:
- The tiny pink or white flowers (about 4-8 mm long) resemble drooping bells, and appear in small clusters at the tips of branches.
- The fruit is bright to dark red, ripening in August or September.
Habitat: Cranberry prefers open, acidic, boggy places, including muskeg, rocky barrens and moist to dry coniferous woods.
PlantWatch Pointers: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a l-metre-square section to observe.
- First bloom: when the first flowers are open in the observed plants (3 places).
- Mid bloom: when 50% of the flowers are open in the observed plants.
This species is monitored in:
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
Some Aboriginal Peoples used cranberry juice to dye the porcupine quills often found in their beadwork; the berries, too, were used as beads.