Common Purple Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)
Bloom time: May – June
General: A non-native garden shrub, brought to Canada from Europe, it can grow up to 4 m high and 7 m wide.
Leaves & Twigs: Heart-shaped leaves are smooth and appear before the flowers bloom.
Flowers & Fruits:
Habitat: Lilac bushes grow where they have been planted, such as in parks and gardens; but this introduced plant does not grow successfully in the arctic.
PlantWatch Pointers: If possible, select a lilac bush that has pale to medium purple flower buds. Choose a location at least 10 m away from a building or obstacle, and tag a typical shrub for observation.
- First bloom: when the first florets are open on the observed shrub (3 places).
- Mid bloom: when 50% of the florets are open on the observed shrub.
- Leafing: when the first leaves push out of the bud and unfold completely (3 places).
This species is monitored in:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
Common purple lilac was one of the plants most commonly brought to Canada by homesick settlers. Bushes still can be seen thriving near abandoned pioneer homesteads.