Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)
Bloom time: March – May
General: In the areas where it is found, coltsfoot is usually the first small herb to flower in spring.
Leaves & Twigs:
Flowers & Fruits:
- The shiny yellow flowers resemble small dandelions, and open in the sun.
- The plant’s composite flower heads contain two kinds of flowers: little tube-like ones in the middle and strap-shaped ones on the outside.
Habitat: This herb is often found growing along sunny sidewalks and roadsides, and in rocky fields.
PlantWatch Pointers: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a l-metre-square section to observe.
- First bloom: when the first flowers are open in the observed plants.
- Mid bloom: when 50% of the flowers are open in the observed plants.
This species is monitored in:
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
Coltsfoot was introduced from Europe, where it is still called the “son before the father” plant because its flowers appear long before its woolly leaves.