Blue-Bead Lily (Clintonia borealis)

Blue-Bead Lily (Clintonia borealis)Also known as: clintonia


Bloom time: May – June

Additional photos:


  • Low plant, often forming colonies.
  • Shiny, overlapping leaves appear in sets of 2 to 5 (usually 3) at the base of the stem.

Leaves & Twigs: Leaves are oval, 15-30 cm long.

Flowers & Fruits:

  • Flowers are yellowish-green.
  • The stem rises to a height of 15-40 cm, and has three to six star-shaped, nodding flowers at the top.
  • The fruit is small (about 1 cm), shiny and very blue, appearing later in the summer.

Habitat: Moist deciduous or mixed coniferous woodlands with rich soil.

PlantWatch Pointers: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a l-metre-square section to observe.

To Observe:

  • First bloom: when the first flowers are open in the observed plants.
  • Mid bloom: when 50% of the flowers are open in the observed plants.

Distribution Map:

Distribution Map

This species is monitored in:

  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Quebec

The fruit of this lily is poisonous to humans although chipmunks can eat it.